PHI2010- Why do we speak?

Why do we speak? What is the use of language? how did it come about? Do animals communicate? etc…
The paper should be around 1400 words, word format is preferred. MLA format, font 12. suggested research articles from the book : A Very Short Introduction to Philosophy (Oxford U. P, 2020) by Craig Edward. Any edition; used ok.

ethic delima

Directions: Respond to the following ethical dilemma. Be sure to demonstrate familiarity with the material from the chapter to inform your essay response. After you have stated your response to the dilemma, write a criticism of your answer from the point of view of a rational and competent person who disagrees with you. Then respond to this imaginary critique.
Ethical Dilemma: Your country is in the middle of a lawless revolution. You know that some of your neighbors are starving, but you have plenty of food for them. Are you obligated to give them some of that food? Why or why not?
Learning Objective: Formulate one’s own conception of ethical theory in order to make responsible decisions and to make meaningful analyses of ongoing ethical controversies.
Grading Rubric
Full credit requires: All relevant information is summarized appropriately in an “essay style” format (no bullet points, no excessive citations, etc.). Exhibits the ability to elaborate on the information summarized using proper philosophical language. Where possible uses the information outside of the reading context to clarify the meaning of it.
Partial Credit: Most of the relevant information is summarized appropriately in an “essay style” format (no bullet points, no excessive citations, etc.). Exhibits the ability to elaborate on most of the information summarized using proper philosophical language. Where possible uses the information outside of the reading context to clarify the meaning of it.
No Credit: Very little or no relevant Information is summarized and/or wrong format is used. It does not exhibit the ability to elaborate on most of the information summarized using proper philosophical language. And/or it does not uses the information outside of the reading context to clarify the meaning of it.

The importance of Logic in modern society

Hello, I need an essay written for my philosophy class. The main questions I need to answer are; What is logic? How has logic evolved over the years? What is the importance of logic in our daily lives? It must be minimum 3 pages long and max 5 pages long. Does not need to be very complex but not very simple either, just something that is intelligent and interesting enough to impress. If there are any questions please feel free to ask! I need this done by Friday the 27th, so a lot of time is available.

Discussion question

I wanted to give you all a choice this week on what you’d like to discuss. Therefore, you can respond to either (or both!) of the following prompts to satisfy this week’s discussion board participation. Have fun!
1) Imagine you are one of the clergy who criticized Martin Luther King Jr. and his movement. Write a letter responding to him and what he says in Letter From Birmingham Jail. What would you have to say as a response to his arguments?
2) Do you think West is right when he claims that “the tragic facts of poverty and paranoia, despair and distrust” create a crisis for American democracy? Why or why not?
Search entries or author

Please answer each question as an answer format. you do not need to provide citation just answer he quastion

Please answer each question as an answer format. you do not need to provide citation just answer he quastion using your own opinion or from the e-book in which you need to login to read.

Q1: Find a news story on the Internet that illustrates one or more of the virtues such as courage, compassion, and/or gratitude, and either link to it or copy and paste it in your response. Explain what virtue(s) it is an example of, and why.

Q2:In the context of virtue, what is the epitome of misunderstanding according to Socrates?

Q3: Describe the two forms of virtue according to Aristotle

Q4: A scene in The Searchers is called a “Levinas moment” in the textbook. Which scene is it, and what is the significance of this label? Do you agree? Why or why not?

Please login to this website to find the information you need to answer the questions. This is my personal e-book and you need to find the answers in chapter 8-11.

Philosophy Question

write an essay typed and double spaced at least 3 pages.
DO NOT USE THE INTERNET TO RESEARCH THESE QUESTIONS. Anything cited or downloaded from the internet will be considered plagiarism. See syllabus for penalties for plagiarism.
-1) Explain St. Thomas Aquinas’ first three “ways” or proofs of God’s existence. Explain how these arguments work and why they are convincing. Give at least one criticism of each of Aquinas’ three arguments. How do recent discoveries of the “big bang” theory affect Aquinas’ argument?
I need 2 of these papers written separately.

Research Paper. 4000 words. On Copying and Distributing Digital Media Digital Media Ethics, chap. 3. You will first develop

Research Paper. 4000 words. On Copying and Distributing Digital Media Digital Media Ethics, chap. 3. You will first develop a one-page prospectus outlining your plan for the organization and goals of this paper, to be approved by the instructor. A successful paper addresses a prominent specific issue about today’s journalistic or social media while synthesizing relevant information gained in the course (lectures and readings), information from a selected body of secondary literature, and the student’s academic experience.

Course Descriiption

Ethical standards for valuable communications are needed more than ever. Internet ethics is for everyone, as we have become information generators and broadcasters too. Disinformation, propaganda, and ideology are disseminated by the people more effectively than any government. How can the value of free speech be preserved in our “post truth” world, without resorting to censorship? The media ethics of journalism upholds high standards of accuracy and honesty despite social and political pressures. Fake news and faked images are proliferating, requiring digital media ethics. A new global media ethics brings spotlights upon the causes of freedom, security, and justice for all peoples.

This new course meets either a Philosophy or Humanities Core Area requirement OR a Professional Media and Communications concentration elective.

Course Objectives

Students will examine ethical questions at the intersections of communications, media, internet, society, and politics, and study interdisciplinary approaches and answers to those questions.

Communication Ethics. We are all communicators, generating and repeating perspectives on what we observe and judge about other people and the world. Communication’s human function is to strengthen social community. This principle exposes how any of us can mis-use communication methods, media, and technology to instead serve selfish aims, partisan advantages, or anti-social agendas. Ethics must be built into all communication.

Internet Ethics. In this internet age when people can easily reach and influence the minds of others, motivations and agendas behind social media behavior must be scrutinized. Disinformation, propaganda, and ideology are easily and quickly spread to millions of people by the same people themselves, more effectively than any government’s own broadcasting. Can social media apply its own restraints, to filter itself better before governments impose censorship? Free speech isn’t what it used to be during a by-gone era of newspapers and podiums. What is the value of free speech in our “post truth” world, while the internet is leaving many minds less free?

Media Ethics. The role of a journalist is provide information about matters of public importance to the public in timely and understandable ways. Duties to the Public: Social Importance, Accuracy, Non-Bias, Honesty, Civility. Duties to the Profession: Treatment of Sources, Information Gathering, Conflicts of Interest.

Digital Media Ethics. On the internet, anyone can report and spread “news”, including AI and bots. Genuine journalism in the cybersphere of social media must figure out what is authentic and significant, filter out deception, fakery, and propaganda, and reach the online public with information that people can access and use.

Global Media Ethics. Traditional media objectives include (a) making government more transparent and accountable, (b) shining spotlights on suffering and injustice, and (c) covering issues important to minority and disadvantaged groups. Global objectives now add (d) reporting information needed on international and global scales, (e) exposing criminal and dangerous activities of countries that affect their citizens or their neighbors, and (f) supporting the causes of freedom, security, and justice for all peoples.

Students will additionally achieve individualized learning objectives while completing their assignments, with opportunities to:

explore how controversies over journalistic integrity have many more dimensions in our times, complicating efforts to maintain journalism as a true profession;

take multiple perspectives on the public’s engagement with media, asking whether “consumers” of media content should receive what they want to hear, or what they need to hear;

imagine how entertainment goals of social media could be more compatible with the public service aims of journalism; and

join their own voices to ongoing debates about ethical and political controversies surrounding journalism and social media by contributing their well-informed assessments for academic consideration.

Required Texts

Charles Ess. Digital Media Ethics, 3rd edn. Polity, 2019. ISBN 9781509533435

Philip Patterson et al. Media Ethics: Issues and Cases, 9th edn. Rowman and Littlefield, 2019. ISBN 9781538112588

Alexander Klimburg. The Darkening Web: The War for Cyberspace. Penguin, 2018. ISBN 9780735222830

Course Requirements

You are expected to do the readings, observe lectures, and engage with the course material in depth. Your responsibilities include completing all the assignments. Participation is essential to your success in this class. Students should spend approximately 12 hours per week on the work for each module.

Class Participation. Regular attendance at classes, participation in Discussion via Canvas, and a ten-minute presentation to the class in May about your research paper topic. 200 points possible. 20% of total grade.

Commentary Piece. 1000 words. A commentary piece, typical for a magazine or blog, offers insight and commentary on an issue of public importance, composed for a broad audience. Students will choose a current controversy related to a matter raised during the first six weeks. This commentary will either (a) support optimism about the public’s ability to protect their personal information and privacy despite all of their online activities, or the commentary will (b) support pessimism about the public losing more and more privacy no matter how much they try to mange their online activity. 100 possible points. 10% of total grade.

Analytical Essay. 2000 words. This essay will fulfill two goals: (1) first explain how the media is expected to uphold standards of fairness and ethics while covering a major story of national or international importance; and then (2) explore why it can be very difficult to meet those expected standards while also trying to fulfill the responsibility of serving the public’s best interests. 300 possible points. 30% of total grade.

Research Paper. 4000 words. On an issue of students’ choice from the course’s topics, except for issues already addressed by your previous assignments. You will first develop a one-page prospectus outlining your plan for the organization and goals of this paper, to be approved by the instructor. A successful paper addresses a prominent specific issue about today’s journalistic or social media while synthesizing relevant information gained in the course (lectures and readings), information from a selected body of secondary literature, and the student’s academic experience. 400 possible points. 40% of total grade.

Citation Style: The APA Style (APA Publication Manual 6th Edition) is used widely in SCS courses. Consult http://pitt.libguides.com/citationhelp/APA (Links to an external site.)

Class Schedule

This tentative schedule is subject to change as necessary.

Week

Topic

Readings, Events

Week 1

Jan 12

Ethical Issues in Digital Media

Digital Media Ethics, chap. 1, 6

Week 2

no class

No class on Monday Jan 17 – MLK Day

Week 3

Jan 24

Privacy in the Digital Era

Digital Media Ethics, chap. 2

Week 4

Jan 31

Copying and Distributing Digital Media

Digital Media Ethics, chap. 3

Week 5

Feb 7

Who is a Friend Online?

Digital Media Ethics, chap. 4, 5

Week 6

Feb 14

Information Ethics–We are all Journalists Now

Media Ethics, chap. 1, 2

Week 7

no class

No class on Monday Feb 21 – President’s Day

Week 8

Feb 28

Strategic Communications in Business

Media Ethics, chap. 3, 7

Feb 28: Commentary paper due

Week 9

no class

No class on March 7 – spring break

Week 10

March 14

Loyalty–Who deserves Protection and Justice?

Media Ethics, chap. 4

Week 11

March 21

Democracy–Mass Media or Individualism?

Media Ethics, chap. 5, 6

Week 12

March 28

Photo and Video Journalism, Art and Entertainment

Media Ethics, chap. 8, 10

Week 13

April 4

Information for Social Justice

Media Ethics, chap. 9, 11

Week 14

April 11

The War for Your Cyberspace

The Darkening Web, parts 1, 2, 3

Week 15

no class

No class on April 18 – Easter break

Week 16

April 25

The Global War for Cyberspace

The Darkening Web, parts 4, 5, 6
April 25: Analytical paper due

Week 17

May 2

student presentations

Week 18

May 3-10

complete Research paper

May 10: Research paper due

Philosophy Question

This reflective well written and structured paper must be of about 3000-word (about 5 to 6 pages,), double spaced, with one-inch margins, using Times Roman 12pt font.
You may choose any two entities of your choice: be it a poem, a painting, a movie, an object of art, an essay, a piece of music in short, literally anything that you think will contribute to the quality of your paper but is important to provide the rationale and the meaning for it.
Further instructions are uploaded in the document.

Philosophy Question

Explain the main line of argument in Adam Moore’s discussion of employee
monitoring. Moore has a thesis here. It is a recommendation for how
companies can monitor employees while at the same time respecting their
privacy. Your task here is to identify that thesis and to explain the
premises he employs in support of his thesis. I’m less concerned about
length than clarity. Clear writing often involves fewer words.

Unit 7 Metareview

Please read over their feedback carefully (at least twice) and then answer these questions. The answers you give will affect the other student’s peer review grade. More importantly, it will help them give better feedback in the future. Therefore, it is essential that you be thoughtful, honest, and clear in your feedback.
There is no curve for these assignments. Therefore, there is no incentive to give dishonest scores.
Receiving critical feedback is always difficult. However, it is also essential to improvement. While I’m asking you to give feedback on the feedback you received, please take this opportunity to practice honestly evaluating your own performance without falling into the twin traps of dismissing your critic as completely wrong or giving up and assuming that they are completely right. Here are 2 tricks which help me: (1) Remember that the feedback is just about the words you wrote on the assignment, it has nothing to do with you as a person or even as a student; (2) Tell yourself that the person giving you feedback is trying to help you improve (for outside of class: this lets you mentally recast an angry critic as passionate about helping you).