Write an essay which: Explains the concept of the urban heat island effect; Reviews its relevance within contemporary debates

Write an essay which:
Explains the concept of the urban heat island effect;
Reviews its relevance within contemporary debates on the effects of climate change on human populations, and
Explores adaptation mechanisms to address this problem (You may focus this part of the essay on a single city from anywhere the world, or compare approaches in different cities.)
You must cite the following references:

LEAL FILHO, W., ICAZA, L.E., NEHT, A., KLAVINS, M.,

culture geography ch9

Read the frequently asked questions I’ve posted below. Then reply to the questions, making sure not to just reply to the original FAQ.
1.Can you please explain the “age of mass consumption” to me?
It refers to our current culture of mass consumption: buying hordes of products and stuff, much of it being not really needed and rapidly disposable; e.g. a new cell phone every other year, new cars, new clothes, more shoes, super-sized meals, almost everything coming with extra packaging, etc. How about leaf blowers? These are just some of the blatant material things. What about information consumption? Many humans also consume staggering amounts of social[sic] media and “non-social” media (TV, news, sports, pornography, etc.), of which there’s a huge connection with material consumption.
How does such consumption affect society and effect global warming (deliberate choice of principal vowels there) in your eyes?
2.Is it possible for a second or third world country to improve its ranking to a first or second world?
Yes indeed. However, they are outdated terms. Third World was a term coined by the countries that weren’t associated with the Cold War between prominent communist nations and capitalist nations. Since then, many “third world” nations have developed massively, e.g. China, Chile, Mexico, etc.
What are your perspectives on these issues and terms?
3.I find it interesting to think that people find developments in nations based on GDP and the economy alone, this seems like a capitalist way of looking at things. Do other forms of economies see this the same way? Furthermore, how do geographers think of economics being a key factor in development? Do they agree or do they look more towards human development?
Indeed, there are numerous flaws with solely focusing on GDP. No, other forms of economies don’t see it the same way. There are many ways of analyzing economics by geographers. Over the past few decades most geographers have become critical of traditional economic paradigms and their drive to quantify and essentialize. Development is highly contested: in terms of what counts as it, how it’s structured, who benefits from it, and many intersectional politics come into play. As you say, human development is much more central. What are your views on it?
Here’s a neat resource:
https://ethical.net/politics/gdp-alternatives-7-ways-to-measure-countries-wealth/

culture geography ch8

Read the frequently asked questions I’ve posted below. Then reply to the questions, making sure not to just reply to the original FAQ.
1.FAQ: Why are farms primarily worked on by migratory crews? What makes manual labor and farming labor very common for migrant laborers?

Who farms are primarily worked by really depends where that farm is. But yes, migratory crews are common due to the seasonal nature of agriculture and crops; e.g. peaches ripen in summer, apples in the fall. Farming is manual labor. It’s very physical. It’s common among immigrant communities because of lax labor laws, farm work visas, and exploitative management practices commonly utilized and manipulated in the industry. What are your perspectives on these issues?
2.FAQ: How do physiographic barriers contribute to the different forms of religion? What examples are there?
Regional, physiographic barriers can contribute to separation in religions due to the way significant land forms and water bodies can isolate people and movement of people; e.g. Buddhism in Tibet is much different than the predominant sect, Chan/Zen, in most other areas of China, in a large part because of the isolation of the Tibetans on the Tibetan Plateau for many centuries.
Which other areas, regions, or countries do you see as representative of physiographic barriers contributing to the different forms of religion, and conversely, where as do you see it as significantly different?
3.FAQ: Why are farms primarily worked on by migratory crews? What makes manual labor and farming labor very common for migrant laborers?

Who farms are primarily worked by really depends where that farm is. But yes, migratory crews are common due to the seasonal nature of agriculture and crops; e.g. peaches ripen in summer, apples in the fall. Farming is manual labor. It’s very physical. It’s common among immigrant communities because of lax labor laws, farm work visas, and exploitative management practices commonly utilized and manipulated in the industry. What are your perspectives on these issues?

Geography of Religion

Please respond (in 150-250 words each) to the following questions
1) How does the Old City of Jerusalem and the people who worship and live there depict geographies of diffusion? For your reference, page 258 also has a detailed map and information on its World Heritage Site status.
2) Following up on this chapter’s Subject to Debate section on Religious Fundamentalism, what role does the media in creating the perception of / inciting the practice of religious antagonism? How is this influenced by globalization? Include examples of how these dynamics show up in your daily lives.

culture geography discussion 7

Read the frequently asked questions I’ve posted below. Then reply to the questions, making sure not to just reply to the original FAQ.
1.FAQ: The percentage of people who follow Judaism (0.2%) was surprising, to me I assumed Judaism was akin to Islam or Christianity in numbers, Why is it that Judaism is talked about more than Hinduism or Buddhism at least in the united states?
I feel that’s because Christianity stemmed from Judaism. It’s much less foreign to status-quo culture and media in N. America than Asian religions.
What other areas, regions, or countries do you see as representative these cultural dynamics and where as significantly different?
2.FAQ: America appears to be widely Protestant in opposition to Catholic although both are Christian religions which believe in Jesus Christ and God. Why are some Christian followers conforming to Protestantism instead of Catholic teachings?

There’s a long history of Christian groups, perhaps starting first with the Protestant reformation, stepping away from the Catholic church for many different reasons. But related to the US, mentioned in your question, it was founded by a strong Protestant following, so there’s a historical pathway factor in why it’s more popular in the US today still.
Which areas, regions, or countries do you see as also representative of this divide and where as significantly different?
3.FAQ: How does religion change over time to accommodate the needs of its people?
Most religions have to adapt based on cultural changes and perceptions. Some Christians now find abortion acceptable, e.g. Religions can also take on new symbolism through time, based on arriving in new places, e.g. the sacred symbols of Tibet being incorporated into Buddhism there, and the holy cross being revered in Ireland with the historic precedent of the Celtic cross. Which areas, regions, or countries do you see as also representative of religious change and where as significantly different?

tempest tours

Check out this site for storm and tornado chasing tours: https://www.tempesttours.com/ (Links to an external site.)
Imagine that you want to witness and experience a severe thunderstorm. Imagine that you want to see a tornado. Then, explore what’s involved in taking a storm chasing tour with Tempest Tours. Review the booking schedule, price per person, length of tour, and liability waivers. Then, answer the following questions:
What are the advantages and disadvantages of storming chasing through a professional company like Tempest Tours?
Are there advantages and disadvantages of storm chasing on your own?
(Please write at least two paragraphs, at least five sentences in each paragraph).

Topic 1. NASWA Geography in the News For this discussion, find a recent news article (within the past 12

Topic 1. NASWA Geography in the News

For this discussion, find a recent news article (within the past 12 months) that describes the latest developments in a conflict, issue, or other major event in this the NASWA realm. Provide a brief summary of the conflict/issue/event that your article describes, and your own analysis of how this issue might affect the realm, and might be resolved. Be sure that the topic of the news article has some connection with the geographical issues and concepts we’ve been discussing, and be sure to highlight these connections in your discussion.

Remember that your article summary must be in your own words to avoid plagiarism.

-0R-

Topic 2. Oil

It’s hard to discuss this region of the world without talking about oil. Pick a country in this region with significant oil reserves and exports. Provide a brief descriiption of the amount of oil this country exports and has in reserves. What difficulties does this country face in extracting and exporting its oil? Also, how has the revenue generated by this oil have been used (or misused) by the country you chose? Do you think the oil revenue is being used in a way that will best benefit the country in the future?

is the implementation of cyber law enforcement in policing data breaching in the United States and China?

Topic: Comparing data protection law enforcement between Asia and North America in the age of Big Data and AI
Guidelines for research paper
Reference type: MLA
Font: Arial
Size: 12
Please use graphs, diagrams and geographic models and maps as it must link to Geography(Global risks and resilience)
Please use some primary(local study) and secondary data.
Please be analytical and use spatial elements of Geography.

GEOG 339 Geographic Information Systems

Project
You will do a GIS analysis, https://www.arcgis.com/home/index.html
To answer a question. Formulate your question. Once you have the question written, explain how you will use GIS to solve it. Present your results from your work. Then write up your conclusions. I expect you to have a map and a narrative of 2-5 pages. Also, you will need to cite any sources in APA format.

Physical Geography Project

1. What is the Köppen Climate Classification System and what are the five main
climate types described in this system? Provide a brief description of each.
(5 points)
2. What are the seven controls of climate as outlined in class lecture and
provide a description of each? (7 points)
3. What is the town you writing about for this project? Provide an absolute
location of the town you are discussing and a physical description of the
area. You may want to include a map. (8 points)
4. What is the climate type according to the Köppen climate classification
system for your city/location? Provide the two or three letter abbreviation and
briefly describe the climate type (20 points).
a. You can use the map and the source on the following pages to help you narrow down
the climate type. You will also notice that some of the controls of climate are
represented on the map.
5. Discuss the climate controls that gives your town its unique climate according
to Koppen Climate Classification. (20 points)
a. Review lectures, your course notes, and textbook readings, and my lectures on the 7
climate controls. Review the tables in our textbook that give a description, controlling
factors, geographic distribution, and distinguishing characteristics for the climates.
More on the following page.
6. Discuss the seasonal changes in weather and air masses, and the
temperature and precipitation averages and patterns for your location.
(20 points)
a. Suggested websites above may help you obtain this information. You may want to
include a graph or a table depicting your town precipitation and temperature monthly
averages. Remember to cite the reference under the tables or graphs and put the
source in the bibliography.
7. Discuss the vegetation (biogeography) common to the area as it relates to
climate. Why does the location have the vegetation type and what makes it
unique to the climate type of the location? What type of animals live in this
location? (18 points)
8. REFERENCES: (2 points)
a. Site any reference you use on the last page (bibliography) and make
sure you cite the reference within your document as well for direct
quotes and/or paraphrasing.
If you use a website as a source such as NOAA or Weather.com, try to locate the
author who provided the information on the topic. If you cannot find the author, use the
line and year convention as illustrated below in replace of a named author. If you
choose to use my lectures which is perfectly fine, you will need to use the following
format below in the bibliography. If you can find an author of a website, great. If you
cannot find the author, you can cite substituting a line for an author in your reference
section as illustrated below. Do not put the website name in the body of your paper at
the end of the sentence. The line substitutes for an author(s). If you have multiple
websites of the same year that you have used with no author, then you can use the
alphabet at the end of the year in your citations to differentiate between them in the
body of the paper (see below).
One of your web citations would look like this in your reference (bibliography) section
the purpose of this assignment is to create connections between all the concepts you
have learned so far in this course while discussing the climate of your hometown.
For your hometown, discuss the vegetation characteristics, controls of climate,
temperature and precipitation averages and patterns, and indicate and describe the
climate type according to the Köppen Classification System. Provide the two or three-letter description in your paper such as Aw, Cfa, or Dfa. See below and on the following
pages for paper format and point structure.
Format
The format of your paper should be 12-point font, double-spaced, with one-inch
margins. The total page length of your written paper should be no less than 1.5
pages. Include a cover page with your name and a bibliography page of your