Prompt: It is believed that a necessary feature of a theory in ethics is that it is “Universalizable”, that is to say, in principle it should apply to all human beings and all human moral decisions. In this paper, develop a critique of EITHER Utilitarianism proposed by John Stuart Mill or the ethical theory of Immanuel Kant. Utilizing the texts of Kant and Mill, present the basic features of each ethical theory and how the authors believe that their theories best address Ethics as a universal theory, best applying to everyone in every situation. Then, propose and develop potential difficulties, challenges, or contradictions to the theories of Kant or Mill. To do this, you might present examples of where their theories fail to address natural moral judgments, or come up short in being able to justify clear and universal moral guidance. You may fully disagree with Kant or Mill or you may agree with one of the theories but not as presented as Mill or Kant themselves. In this case you may present criticisms of the moral theories but also argue for ways in which Kant or Mill could have modified their theories to best address universal human morality. In your philosophical critique of the moral theories, you must present the strengths and weaknesses of the author’s position even if you completely or disagree with the theory.
To write this paper you should directly quote and discuss the texts of Kant or Mill which support your critique of their conclusions. The goal of this assignment is to present Kant or Mill fairly and also to be as clear as possible in what you consider to be correct or mistaken about their theories.
Please use MLA format for citing Kant and Mill. A works citied page must be included in addition to internal quotation of the texts to reference the Grounding of the Metaphysics of Morals or Utilitarianism which were listed as required texts on the syllabus.
ESSAY IS ON UTILITARIANISM BY MILL