1. Using your own conceptual framework, describe what others have said about the
topic. Develop your own sub-headings in order to organize the material.
2. The literature reviewed should relate as closely as possible to the specific
research question. (e.g., don’t review “U.S. mental health care” if the question is
about bulimia treatment).
3. End the literature review with a discussion of gaps, or areas in the literature
where little or no work has been done
4. Explain how your study will address one of these unexplored areas (i.e., will “fill
the gap(s)”).